A recent study conducted at Trinity College Dublin, Ireland, found that a striking percentage of men in Ireland and quite a few in Scotland share the same Y chromosome, suggesting that the 5th-century warlord known as "Niall of the Nine Hostages" may be the ancestor of one in 12 Irishmen. Niall established a dynasty of powerful chieftains that dominated the island for six centuries.
In the study scientists found an area in northwest Ireland where they claim The same area of Ireland has previously been the subject of anthropological study…and has shown a strikingly high percentage of men from Haplogroup R-M According to McVoy this area was the main powerbase of the Ui Neill kings, which literally translated means "descendants of Niall".
McVoy says the Y chromosome appeared to trace back to one person.
Following the genealogists' trail McVoy comments: "There are certain surnames that seem to have come from Ui Neill. We studied if there was any association between those surnames and the genetic profile. It is his Niall's family. It is characterized by the following markers when our 12 marker test is applied:.
A more detailed signature appears when we apply the Y-DNA 25 marker test and compare to the apparent Ui Neill signature. A listing of those values appears in the table below. Within our second panel of markers the most distinctive difference from the R1b Modal is the 15,16,16,17 at DYS Males can test their Y-DNA to determine the origin of their paternal line.
Note that the Y-DNA test strictly checks the paternal line, with no influence from any females along that line. Females do not receive Y-DNA, and therefore females cannot be tested for the paternal line.
If you are a female and would like to know about your paternal line, you would need to have a brother or a male relative from that line tested. McEvoy states: "As in other polygynous societies, the siring of offspring was related to power and prestige.
Niall of the Nine Hostages received his name from the taking of hostages as a strategy for playing mental havoc upon his opponent chieftains. He is known in folklore as a raider of the British and French coasts.
Supposedly slain in the English Channel or in Scotland, his descendants were the most powerful rulers of Ireland until the 11th century.The blood in Irish veins is Celtic, right?
Well, not exactly. Although the history that used to be taught at school said the Irish were a Celtic people who had migrated from central Europe, the latest studies of Irish DNA tell us a very different story.
Research done into the DNA of the Irish has shown that our old understanding of where the population of Ireland originated may have been misguided. The modern Irish population share many genetic similarities with Scottish and Welsh populations, and to a lesser extent the English. At the same time, DNA testing of remains of ancient Irish people suggests that some of the earliest human arrivals on the island originally came from much further afield. This article is based on the research available in early - however new discoveries are being published regularly so if you want to keep up-to-date on this topic make sure you check online scientific journals such as Nature.
The earliest settlers came to Ireland during the Stone Age, around 10, years ago. There are still remnants of their presence scattered across the island. Mountsandel in Coleraine in the North of Ireland is the oldest known site of settlement in Ireland—remains of woven huts, stone tools and food such as berries and hazelnuts were discovered at the site in For a long time the myth of Irish history has been that the Irish are Celts.
Many people still refer to Irish, Scottish, and Welsh as Celtic culture. Keltoi was the name given by the Ancient Greeks to a 'barbaric' in their eyes people who lived to the north of them in central Europe. While early Irish art shows some similarities of style to central European art of the Keltoihistorians have also recognized many significant differences between the two cultures.
Recent research into Irish DNA at the beginning of the twenty-first century suggests that the early inhabitants of Ireland were not directly descended from the Keltoi of central Europe.
Genome sequencing performed on remains of early settlers in Ireland by researchers at Trinity University in Dublin and Queens University has revealed at least two waves of migration to the island in past millennia. Analysis of the remains of a 5, year-old Irish farmer suggested that the population of Ireland at that time was closely genetically related to the modern-day populations of southern Europe, especially Spain and Sardinia.
Her ancestors, however, originally migrated from the Middle East, the cradle of agriculture. Meanwhile, the research team also examined the remains of three 4, year-old men from the Bronze Age and revealed that another wave of migration to Ireland had taken place, this time from the edges of Eastern Europe.
One third of their ancestry came from the Steppe region of Russia and Ukraine, so their ancestors must have gradually spread west across Europe. These remains, found on Rathlin Island also shared a close genetic affinity with the Scottish, Welsh, and modern Irish, unlike the earlier farmer.
This suggests that many people living in Ireland today have genetic links to people who were living on the island at least 4, years ago.
It tells a semi-mythical history of the waves of people who settled in Ireland in earliest times. It says the first settlers to arrive in Ireland were a small dark people called the Fir Bolg, followed by a magical super-race called the Tuatha de Danaan the people of the goddess Dana. Most interestingly, the book says that the group which then came to Ireland and fully established itself as rulers of the island were the Milesians—the sons of Mil, a soldier from Spain.
Modern DNA research into male Y chromosomes has found that the the R1b haplogroup reaches very high concentrations in Western Ireland and the Basque country in northern Spain. While the picture for matrilineal descent mother to daughter is more complex, it seems that the northern Spanish and the Irish might have common male ancestors at some point in history. There are also interesting cultural similarities along the western seaboard of Europe, stretching from Spain up to Ireland - as has been written about by the archeologist Barry Cunliffe.
Although it might seem surprising, it is worth remembering that in ancient times the sea was one of the fastest and easiest ways to travel. When the land was covered in thick forest, coastal settlements were common and people travelled around the seaboard of Europe quite freely.
This coincides with the time of the famous Irish king Niall of the Nine Hostages, who legend says brought St Patrick to Ireland as a slave. The O'Neill family, who claim to descend from Niall, have certainly been a powerful family through the ages in Ireland. Meanwhile, the latest research in suggests that the Irish are most closely related to people in North West France Brittany where a Celtic language has traditionally been spoken and in Western Norway.
Interestingly, where earlier studies didn't find much impact of Viking DNA among the modern Irish, a recent study suggests there may have been more influence than perviously thought. What we can take from all of this is that, although the Irish today feel part of a single group united by cultural and national identity, this culture and identity is ultimately founded on waves of migration connecting the island to the wider world of European peoples and beyond.
DNA testing of the male Y chromosome has shown that Irish males have the highest incidence of the R1b haplogroup in Europe.Kwh calculator
While other parts of Europe have integrated continuous waves of new settlers from the east, Ireland's remote geographical position has meant that the Irish gene-pool has been less susceptible to change. The same genes have been passed down from parents to children for thousands of years.InI contributed a yDNA sample. My test matched two other persons. And, we are Haplogroup R. Later, I came to understand that my 37 marker test identified me as R-M, and another cousin's 67 marker test identified our family as R-DF National Geographic began the Genographic Project to identify genetic "footprints" among the ethnic populations on Earth.
For a nominal fee, I contributed my yDNA information to their database. And, one benefit was a personalized homepage at Nat Geo which includes DNA and migration information. Nat Geo provided a map of the migration of haplogroups around the world, And, I found an arrow, labeled R1b, which started north of the Black Sea and went west across Europeending in the vicinity of France. But, I wanted to know the specific route.
Since then, I collected notes and graphics on the topic of pre-historic migrations. But, the notes did not connect. I was missing several pieces of information. So, I had to wait. In the interim, Nat Geo compiled samples from the many ethnic populations around the world and released their findings to the public. With the new information, which has only been available for the last few years, the pieces of research I had previously accumulated began the fall into place.
And as with a jigsaw puzzle, the more pieces that fit together, the faster the remaining pieces fell into place. With renewed interest, I focused on the original questions:.
What is the sequence of genetic markers, per the new lexicon, from A to R1b and its descendants? What route did our ancestors take from southwest Asia into western Europe? When were the individual migration segments during the extended period of migration from southwest Asia to western Europe? Did anything of historical importance happen along the way?Class 12 microeconomics chapter 1 notes pdf
How did my ethnic group get to Wales? So, the investigation began anew. The following report consists of five articles which address individual sections of this research. There are many duplications; as all the articles are interrelated. Topics: 1. Evolution of the Indo-European Language 3. Early Irish Migration 4. The Kingdoms of the British Isles 6th to 9th c. Research Note: I am not a linguist nor a geneticist nor even a mathematician.
Matching Niall Nóigiallach - Niall of the Nine Hostages
So, how can I even begin to approach a conversation on the origins and evolution of markers down the human genome? Pretty simple.Click Here.How did the Celtic Nations Dominate Europe and Beyond? People of Scotland, Ireland, Wales and More
Some are using this technique to investigate connections with others bearing the same surname and in this way are making contact with 4th, 5th and 6th cousins for the first time. If this is your aim, I strongly recommend joining your surname project as administrators there concentrate on grouping like results and finding recent connections.
If you have come across this website by chance, think you are "Irish Type III" and have not contacted me before, I may have been trying to contact you. Please go to the Lost Members Page. If your name appears there, please contact me. For those that are new to Genetic Genealogy, as the use of DNA in genealogy is called, and believe they will find this discussion a little daunting, I suggest it may be worthwhile spending a little time with some basic reading Is the Answer in your Genes?
I have the results of my Genetic Testing, Now What?
Haplogroup R-M269 Explained
For more information on AMH see the Links page. Because of the large number of males that fall within this haplogroup, efforts have been made to find clusters that show differences in the Short Tandem Repeat, STRof their alleles from the AMH by looking for similar variations in the haplotypes.
Your testing company has probably already suggested the broad haplogroup that you belong to, and if you are reading this page, you probably already know you are part of the R1b population. If you are unsure of your haplogroup, try Jim Cullen's Haplogroup Predictor program. While isolating clusters of haplotypes that have similar allele variations gives a reasonable probability of the haplogroup, a Single Nucleotide Polymorphorism, or SNP mutation formally differentiates them, and it is only after SNP testing that you can be sure you are a member of that haplogroup.
Each member of a particular haplogroup has the same SNP mutation. Within R1b, a series of SNP s have been discovered that divide this haplogroup and specific deep clade testing is required to identify which SNP s have occurred, are positive or 'derived'in a DNA sample. At the current time little is known about the fraction of R1b these subclades define, nor what relationship they have with STR defined clusters, but this is changing.
With the continuing discovery of each new defining SNPso the nomenclature of the various clusters is changed.
It can, however, be further divided into various "clusters". Some clusters that have been identified by STR variations include Scots, Frisian, North West Irish and South Irish, denoting the geographical area that is ancestral for present day holders of similar haplotypes.
As the name suggests, this group has its ancestral home in the far North West counties of Ireland.In a recent study by geneticist Daniel Bradley and his colleagues at the Smurfit Institute of Genetics at Trinity College in Dublin, Ireland, which was reported in the February issue of the American Journal of Human Genetics, it is suggested that at least one in every 12 Irishmen worldwide and one in every five in the northwest of Ireland could be descendants of Niall, who on becoming High King in AD, established a dynasty of powerful chieftains that dominated the island for some six centuries.
Niall of the Nine Hostages got his name by taking nine key hostages, including Saint Patrick, in raids on his opponent chieftains in Ireland, Britain and France to cement his power. A near mythical figure, he is said to have had 12 sons and to have been slain in the English Channel or in Scotland.
His descendants, known as the Ui Neill, were the most powerful rulers of Ireland and maintained their dynasty until the 11th century. According to Brian McEvoy, one of the team at Trinity, scientists found an area in northwest Ireland where they claim In addition, the study goes on to say that the chromosome has also been found in The study suggests a link between powerful men and a strong genetic legacy, as more powerful men would have commanded access to more women, and the siring of offspring was related to power and prestige.
Family Tree DNA www. I am Rm but my genealogy back to Cheshire England in Baguley and wythenshawe a group of Vikings settled there 9th century that came from Ireland must of been one of my ancestors.
I would like to know more of this lineage. I find this interesting and am curious. I would like to learn more. I find it funny, as well. It seems that we might have a common ancestor. I just got my 23andMe results back yesterday and it says I had the genetic marker that connects me to Niall. I wish I could find the lineage for my ancestry tree. I just did the 23 and me dna andstery test and it says i am from this line of linage and would like to learn somemore about it.
John and Elizabeth Stiff Fleming is as far back to a guarantee as I go though. Let me know what ye find ya? I live in Western NY. The Wood name is based on the British Isle but not sure were the Irish linage come in. I recently discovered through 23andme that I share a paternal ancestor with niall. Haplogroup rm which turn to rp today.
Never knew I would find something like this in my dna. Hello, I took a 23andme DNA test. The results are incredible. It states that through my paternal side I hail through R-M Thanks Ui Niell Dynasty. In a 1, years I would have never thought this. Is this a hoax or could it be real? You see I am Latin. My DNA from. I would like to know more of this ancestral family. My dad, surname Lynch R-A is relatively uncommon among 23andMe customers.It is of particular interest for the genetic history of Western Europe.
It is defined by the presence of SNP marker M R-M has been the subject of intensive research; it was previously also known as R1b1a2 toR1b1c toand R1b1b2 to . R-M is the most common European haplogroup, greatly increasing in frequency on an east to west gradient its prevalence in Poland estimated at It is carried by approximately million European men estimate. An understanding of the origin of R-M is relevant for the question of population replacement in the Neolithic Revolution.
R-M had formerly been dated to the Upper Paleolithic,  but by about it had become clear that it arose near the beginning of the Neolithic Revolution, about 10, years ago. No clear consensus has been achieved as to whether it arose within Europe or in Western Asia.Export aws security groups to csv
Balaresque et al. In this scenario, Mesolithic hunter-gatherers in Europe would have been nearly replaced by the incoming farmers. By contrast, Busby et al. By contrast, the subclade R-P appears to have originated after the beginning of the Neolithic Revolution in Europe, and is substantially confined to Western Europe in modern populations. R-P is absent from Neolithic-era ancient DNA found in Western Europe, strongly suggesting that its current distribution is due to population movements within Europe taking place after the end of the Neolithic.
These show a clear articulation within Western Europe, with centers in the Low Countriesthe British Isles and the Alpsrespectively.Ds 01 fc va 00 pl 18.00_schema costruttivo pozzo aspirazione
European R1b is dominated by R-M It has been found at generally low frequencies throughout central Eurasia but with relatively high frequency among the Bashkirs of the Perm region The table below lists in more detail the frequencies of M in regions in Asia, Europe, and Africa. Especially Western European R1b is dominated by specific sub-clades of R-M with some small amounts of other types found in areas such as Sardinia  . Myres et al. InDNA extracted from the femur bones of 6 skeletons in an early-medieval burial place in Ergolding Bavaria, Germany dated to around c.
Population studies which test for M have become more common in recent years, while in earlier studies men in this haplogroup are only visible in the data by extrapolation of what is likely. The following gives a summary of most of the studies which specifically tested for M, showing its distribution as a percentage of total population in Europe, North Africathe Middle East and Central Asia as far as China and Nepal.
While this sub-clade of R1b is frequently discussed amongst genetic genealogiststhe following table represents the peer-reviewed findings published so far in the articles of Myres et al. R-P has been the subject of significant, ongoing study concerning its complex internal structure. R-M has been found mostly in Basques and Gasconsamong whom it represents a sizeable fraction of the Y-DNA pool,   though is also found occasionally among Iberians in general.
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Blood of the Irish: What DNA Tells Us About the Ancestry of People in Ireland
Filtered by:. Previous 1 2 3 4 5 template Next. All four of our grandparents come from the same small rural area in Northern Ireland, partly from County Fermanagh and partly from County Tyrone. Hoping to find out something a bit more specific, last September I decided to upgrade to markers. I waited almost 7 months!!! After all that time and all that moneyall I've learned is that my brother is still predicted to be R-M I've joined a surname project Vaughan-Vaughn but my brother seems to be an odd man out there; he doesn't fit in any of the groupings.
I'm not really looking for relatives, as in Ireland almost no one can trace their ancestry back much beyond the midth century, and I have been able to trace my family a bit further than that. What I'm curious about is where they were or years ago. Vaughan is a Welsh surname, but it's found throughout the British Isles.
In Ireland, it was often the anglicization of the surname Mahon. I'd like to have an idea as to whether our Vaughans were in Ireland before the "plantation" period, or whether they came to Ireland with some of the 17th century planters, or whether there was an independent emigration of a Welsh family. Per capita, most of my brother's matches none of which is very close are from Ireland.
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